Ho (-)

original: ? (Chinese)


Mouth organ with a gourd as wind chest

Identical types: 21

A small Shēng type with a gourd wind chamber; According to Blench it "can be seen in pictographs dating from 1200 BC and looks very similar to the current southern Chinese and northern Thai Naw [➺ Naw_; ws]; The "oracle bones" of the Yin [i.e. 殷 (Yīn); ws*] dynasty (ends 11-12th century BC), mention it under the name ho, and the Shi-ching [i.e. 诗经 (Shījīng [Book of Songs]); ws*] attests its use before the time of Confucius (551-479 BC), who is believed to have played the instrument."; NB: Since a character representing the syllable "ho" doesn’t occur in Chinese, it proved impossible to reconstruct its name in original script.


Blench, Roger: The history and distribution of the free-reed mouth-organ in SE Asia (presented at the 14th EurASEAA meeting, Dublin, September 2012 (Draft submitted for proceedings, 2012), p.6.

ws (Hànzì characters and Pīnyīn transcription)

Dictionaries, &c.

汉英词典 (Hàn Yīng cídiǎn) / A Chinese-English dictionary. 北京 [Běijīng], 1985, p.616 (诗经) & 827 (殷 ➃).